"Knowing your epidemic" is vital for everybody interested in the reaction to HIV. broadly illustrated with graphs and charts, this biennial record provides concise yet complete summaries of significant concerns within the international AIDS reaction. Annexes offer HIV estimates and knowledge 2001 and 2007, and likewise state development symptoms.
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Extra info for 2008 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic
2007). In India’s Karnataka State, HIV prevalence of Projected total number of HIV infections in various population groups, 2000–2020, in Jakarta, Indonesia 200 000 Number of HIV infections 160 000 120 000 80 000 40 000 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 IDUs with HIV Wives of IDU with HIV Source: Asian Epidemic Model projections using Jakarta data. 50 Other heterosexuals infected with HIV in a chain originating with IDU 2 0 0 8 R E P O RT O N T H E G L O BA L A I D S E P I D E M I C Some countries with epidemics driven by sex work have experienced declines in infections, due in part to an increase in the use of condoms during paid sex.
0 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 rural areas. In five countries—Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Malawi, and Zimbabwe— declines were significant only in urban areas. In addition to HIV prevalence data, a number of countries have also tracked sexual behaviours among young people. Among the 35 highprevalence countries, 19 countries conducted national surveys between 1990 and 2007 that provided sufficient comparative data to assess sexual behaviour trends.
2007), which suggests that all but a small minority of orphaned children are being absorbed into kinship, community, and other support networks. Outside sub-Saharan Africa, the demographic impact tends to be less severe because HIV prevalence is comparatively low. Nevertheless, in the Caribbean, AIDS is one of the leading causes of death in adults aged 15–44 (Caribbean Epidemiology Centre, PAHO & WHO, 2004). 2 million] people were living with HIV in 2007, including the 380 000 [200 000–650 000] people who were newly infected that year.
2008 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic by UNAIDS