By Fatih Ermiş
The Ottoman Empire (1299-1923) existed on the crossroads of the East and the West. Neither the background of Western Asia, nor that of japanese Europe, could be absolutely understood with out wisdom of the background of the Ottoman Empire.
The query is frequently raised of even if monetary pondering can exist in a non-capitalistic society. within the Ottoman Empire, like in all different pre-capitalistic cultures, the industrial sphere was once an essential component of social lifestyles, and components of Ottoman financial idea can usually be present in among political, social and spiritual principles. Ottoman monetary considering can't, accordingly, be analyzed in isolation; research of monetary pondering can demonstrate features of the total international view of the Ottomans.
Based on vast archival paintings, this landmark quantity examines Ottoman monetary considering within the classical interval utilizing 3 ideas: humorism, circle of justice and family economic system. Basing the examine upon the writings of the Ottoman elite and bureaucrats, this ebook explores Ottoman monetary pondering ranging from its personal dynamics, fending off the temptation to hunt sleek fiscal theories and methods within the Ottoman milieu.
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Extra info for A History of Ottoman Economic Thought: Developments Before the Nineteenth Century
Besides, when Indian cloths are altogether forbidden, it is obvious that a great amount of money (akçe) will be saved. 33 24 Concepts and terminology Ahmed Azmi Efendi explains the mercantilist policies of Prussia, and especially the import substitution policies; how the Prussians produced raw textile materials, for which the weather of Prussia was not suitable. ’34 Şevket Pamuk argues that between the years 1585 and 1690, akçe actually disappeared from the markets, and instead foreign currencies were in use.
Somel, Historical Dictionary of the Ottoman Empire, pp. 276–7. See the entry ‘taṣawwuf ’, in EI. Qur’an: 81/29. All Qur’an translations, unless otherwise stated, are from The Qur’an, trans. S. Abdel Haleem, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. See the entry ‘ ’ in Lane, An Arabic- English Lexicon. Concepts and terminology 31 65 See the entry ‘sharīʿa’ in: EI. 66 Somel, Historical Dictionary of the Ottoman Empire, p. 138. 67 Ibn al-Ukhuwwa, Ma’ālim al- Qurba fi Aḥkām al- Ḥisba, trans. by Reuben Levy, London: Cambridge University Press, 1938, p.
For these reasons, the centuries prior to the nineteenth century, the ‘classical period’ as it is called by Mehmet Genç,48 were chosen as the scope of this study. 4 Sources Primary Ottoman sources were used extensively for this work, and these were obtained from the following archives and libraries: • • • • • • • The Süleymaniye Library, Istanbul (Süleymaniye Kütüphanesi) Prime Ministry’s Ottoman Archives (Başbakanlık Osmanlı Arşivi, BOA) The Topkapi Palace Library, Istanbul (Topkapı Sarayı Müzesi Hazine Kitaplığı) Istanbul University Library (İstanbul Üniversitesi Kütüphanesi) Forschungsbibliothek Gotha, Germany Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, Germany Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, Vienna/Austria The main primary sources of this study were the chronicles siyāsetnāmes, lāyiḥas, sefāretnāmes, ḫaṭṭ-ı hümāyūns.
A History of Ottoman Economic Thought: Developments Before the Nineteenth Century by Fatih Ermiş