Read e-book online America's Covered Bridges: Practical Crossings—Nostalgic PDF

By Ronald G. Knapp, Terry E. Miller

ISBN-10: 1462914209

ISBN-13: 9781462914203

The heritage of North the US is in lots of methods encapsulated within the background of her coated bridges. The early 1800s observed an important increase within the building of those bridges, and within the years that as many as 15,000 lined bridges have been outfitted. at the present time, fewer than one thousand remain.

Without coated bridges to span the rivers and supply entry to immense swaths of the inner that had formerly been tough to access—America by no means could have constructed the best way she did.

In America's coated Bridges, authors Terry E. Miller and Ronald G. Knapp inform the attention-grabbing tale of those bridges, how they have been outfitted, the technological breakthroughs required to build them, and chiefly the commitment and ability in their developers. all the bridges, no matter if nonetheless status or gone, has a narrative to inform in regards to the nature of the United States on the time—not in simple terms approximately its transportational wishes, however the availability of fabrics and the technological prowess of the folks who outfitted it.

This booklet is actually full of attention-grabbing tales and information—passionately advised by way of major specialists in this topic. The publication might be of super curiosity to a person attracted to American heritage, carpentry and early know-how.

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After a halt in business owing to the economic collapse in 1837, various small concerns, such as Smith’s Clock Establishment in New York City, picked up the pace of their business in the 1840s. Many of the clocks installed in the 1830s and 1840s had striking mechanisms, so their works monitored the striking of hours on bells and gongs as well as the operation of minute and hour’s hands on what were mostly in those days painted wooden clock faces. A predilection for tower clocks was evident; as American towns and cities gained modest amounts of wealth, they invested in signs of order, prestige, and permanence.

It depended on reliable clocks and firmly established time standards. Like Father Time with his reaper atop the eight-ton Jewelers Building clock, time has always disciplined humans. Time begins with sunrises, births, ar- 18 | INTRODUCTION rivals; it always ends, in a sunset, a death, a departure. The shape of time varies from culture to culture and age to age, as do the ways of measuring and marking it. “Time discipline” is shorthand for how time—ideas about it, ways of measuring it, instruments for meting it out—controls actions, thoughts, dreams, desires.

Neither church nor state had much of a hand in determining the time; that task was left to amateur scientists, jewelers, and clockmakers. Shortly after the installation of the Pennsylvania State House bells and clock, members of the fledgling American Philosophical Society built an astronomical observatory on the house grounds. Although ships had been traversing the world’s oceans for centuries, it was only in the 1750s that a reliable method of navigation emerged in the shape of a marine chronometer.

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America's Covered Bridges: Practical Crossings—Nostalgic Icons by Ronald G. Knapp, Terry E. Miller

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