By Alessandro Orsini
Translated from the Italian through Sarah J. Nodes
The crimson Brigades have been a far-left terrorist team in Italy shaped in 1970 and lively throughout the Nineteen Eighties. notorious around the globe for a crusade of assassinations, kidnappings, and financial institution robberies meant as a "concentrated strike opposed to the center of the State," the pink Brigades' such a lot infamous crime used to be the abduction and homicide of Italy's former top minister Aldo Moro in 1978. within the overdue Nineties, a brand new team of violent anticapitalist terrorists revived the identify purple Brigades and killed a couple of professors and executive officers. Like their German opposite numbers within the Baader-Meinhof staff and ultra-modern violent political and non secular extremists, the pink Brigades and their activities elevate a bunch of questions on the motivations, ideologies, and mind-sets of people that devote terrible acts of violence within the identify of a utopia.
In the 1st English variation of a publication that has gained severe acclaim and significant prizes in Italy, Alessandro Orsini contends that the dominant common sense of the purple Brigades used to be primarily eschatological, concerned about purifying a corrupt international via violence. basically via progressive terror, Brigadists believed, may well humanity be stored from the putrefying results of capitalism and imperialism. via a cautious examine of all current documentation produced through the purple Brigades and of all current scholarship at the pink Brigades, Orsini reconstructs a worldview that may be as seductive because it is frightening. Orsini has devised a micro-sociological concept that permits him to reconstruct the gang dynamics resulting in political murder in extreme-left and neonazi terrorist teams. This "subversive-revolutionary suggestions conception" states that the willingness to mete out and undergo loss of life relies, within the final research, on how a long way the terrorist has been integrated into the innovative sect.
Orsini makes transparent that this political-religious idea of old improvement is crucial to knowing all such self-styled "purifiers of the world." From Thomas Müntzer's theocratic dream to Pol Pot's Cambodian revolution, the entire violent "purifiers" of the area have a transparent objective: to construct an ideal society during which there'll not be any sin and disappointment and during which no competition may be allowed to disenchanted the common concord. Orsini’s ebook reconstructs the origins and evolution of a progressive culture introduced into our personal occasions through the crimson Brigades.
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Additional info for Anatomy of the Red Brigades: The Religious Mind-set of Modern Terrorists
Then I realized that the trade union was more harmful for the revolution because it did not directly attack the working classes but instead inveigled them to act in its interests. ”59 The Red Brigades’ hatred of reformists is even greater than their hatred of capitalists. ”60 In Renato Curcio’s analysis, L’ultrarevisionismo, written from prison in 1976, we read that “the Social-Democratic, reformist parties are an organizational screen behind which the bosses construct their counterrevolutionary revenge.
The complete elimination of their enemies could require many years, because the world is infested with them. There could be millions of people to kill, but no matter. True revolutionaries are willing to devote their entire lives to this project of total annihilation. As we saw in the testimony of the brigadist who admired Pol Pot, many gnostic activists do not want to obtain privileges or honorary appointments. They want to exterminate their enemies; they want to punish the reprobates and inflict “fair punishment” on those who have refused to take the “path of light” that leads to salvation.
43 And so is the Red Brigades’ community, whose militants are fused into a single body. The “sacrifice” in defending one’s comrades— renouncing all the pleasures of this world—has a deeply religious connotation. The Red Brigades are ready to die with the same determination with which they are ready to kill. Their action is driven much more by “emotional sodality” than by instrumental logics. The revolutionary sect is a source of life. It has the power to confer a very high significance even on 41.
Anatomy of the Red Brigades: The Religious Mind-set of Modern Terrorists by Alessandro Orsini