By Mustafa Ja'far
The 1st stroke-by-stroke advisor ever produced for studying to write down Naskh, one of many six significant cursive Arabic scripts. Its origins should be traced again to the past due 8th century advert and it really is nonetheless in use at the present time, over 1300 years later. The Ottoman Turks thought of Naskh the script such a lot suited to copying the Qur'an and at the present time extra Qur'ans are copied in Naskh in the course of the Islamic global than in all different Arabic scripts mixed. This introductory workbook permits every person to profit and revel in the great thing about Arabic calligraphy. in line with his adventure of working workshops and demonstrations on the British Museum and different cultural associations round the united kingdom, Mustafa Ja'far has created an easy-to-follow, teach-yourself advisor.
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26 provides a smoothing of grey levels from black (0,0,0) to white (MAX, MAX, MAX). Smoothings of colours can be obtained by filling each of the tables TABR, TABG, TABB with different formulas. For example: Do for I from 0 to 2**n-l TABR(1) I TABG(1) o TABB (I) MAX - 1 End gives a smoothing from blue (0, 0, MAX) to red (MAX, 0, 0) An analogous procedure permits light flashes on a three dimensional object which is illuminated by some source: the parts which are most illuminated have the colour of the source rather than that of the object itself.
Image synthesis 22 IT L7~7 EJ Emission E]-------t:- Reception IT £J/; 7 El 0-----:. IT • Microprocessor coded (X,Y) Fig. 10. Modes of functioning In rapid reading mode (stream), the tablet continuously sends the coordinates of the position of the stylus (with frequencies that vary according to the apparatus involved but which are of the order of some 200 times per second, a frequency which is also modifiable by means of a program or by means of dials located on the box of the tablet). This mode is used to enter drawings by hand.
It is mostly used to indicate the functions of a menu: the cross is made to follow the displacements of the stylus and the coordinates are sent only after a validation (pressing the stylus to the screen causes an interrupt), which permits to place the cursor in a region of the screen associated with a certain function. 2. Data tablet Being much more precise than a light pen, the data (processing) tablet is the preferred instrument of architects and industrial draftsmen. Its sole disadvantage is the dissociation between the drawing area (the surface of the tablet) and the area of visualization (the screen).
Arabic Calligraphy by Mustafa Ja'far